The prevalence of HIV infection amongst women giving birth in England and Wales has increased every year since 1990. The majority of these women are from Sub-Saharan Africa. The Department of Health policy of recommending an HIV test to every pregnant woman* has resulted in an increase in the proportion of these women who are aware of their diagnosis prior to delivery (more than 80% in London in 2001) and a decrease in the absolute number of infants infected in the UK**.
Hawkins D, Blott M, Clayden P et al; BHIVA Guidelines Writing Committee. Guidelines for the management of HIV infection in pregnant women and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. HIV Med, 2005, 6 (Suppl 2), 107–148.