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How do gay men diagnosed with HIV change their risk behaviour?
by Gus Cairns, 2016-05-02 10:30
To what extent do gay men modify their sexual risk behaviour after testing HIV positive? Two Australian surveys conducted over the last few years have found that in the immediate aftermath of diagnosis, gay men considerably reduce the number of partners they have sex with – many stopping sexual activity altogether – and

People treated for hepatitis C have unexpectedly high rate of liver cancer recurrence
by Liz Highleyman, 2016-04-29 11:10
Hepatitis C patients with cirrhosis who were treated with direct-acting antivirals had about twice the expected likelihood of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with the excess risk seen in people with a previous history of HCC, according to research presented at the recent 2016 International Liver Congress in Barcelona. These findings underline the importance of ongoing liver

ART use doesn't increase sexual risk among people with HIV in the UK
by Michael Carter, 2016-04-28 09:50
Taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not associated with an increased risk of condomless sex with HIV-negative/unknown status partners – sex that potentially involves a risk of transmission  – investigators from the UK report in the online edition of AIDS. Moreover, ART was associated with a significant reduction in the prevalence of sex involving a risk of

More targeted interventions to diagnose HIV during acute infection are needed, researchers warn
by Michael Carter, 2016-04-28 08:10
Men who have sex with men (MSM) diagnosed with HIV in the acute phase of HIV infection have a greater number of recent sexual partners and more condomless sex than MSM diagnosed with chronic HIV infection, according to research published in the online edition of the Journal of Infectious Diseases. The study was

Portugal's roll-out of HCV therapy with DAAs achieves impressive results
by Michael Carter, 2016-04-27 09:00
Roll-out of hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy using direct acting antivirals (DAAs) has achieved excellent outcomes in Portugal, data presented to the International Liver Congress in Barcelona shows. Overall, 96% of patients had a sustained virological response (SVR) to therapy with a 100% response seen in some sub-sets. Treatment also worked well for people with

First data on uptake of HIV self-testing in the UK
by Roger Pebody, 2016-04-26 11:20
Between April 2015 and February 2016, almost 28,000 people have paid £29.95 for a kit allowing them to test for HIV at home, according to a presentation at the British HIV Association conference in Manchester last week. Marketing on Grindr has been important to driving sales, which have been concentrated in non-urban areas.While both

Opt-out HIV testing in a hospital emergency department may cost less than managing two patients with undiagnosed HIV
by Roger Pebody, 2016-04-26 11:10
Opt-out HIV testing in accident and emergency departments in areas of high HIV prevalence is likely to save NHS trusts money by avoiding expensive in-patient admissions for individuals with unexplained and deteriorating illnesses, according to presentations at the British HIV Association conference in Manchester last week.The first analysis came from King’s College Hospital, which is

Considerable overlap between HIV and shigellosis epidemics in the UK
by Michael Carter, 2016-04-26 11:00
Approximately a third of cases of non-travel-related Shigella dysentery in the UK involve HIV-positive patients, according to research presented to the annual conference of the British HIV Association in Manchester last week. Most of these cases were in men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV. The investigators believe their findings

Considerable overlap between HIV and Shigella epidemics in the UK
by Michael Carter, 2016-04-26 11:00
Approximately a third of cases of non-travel-related Shigella dysentery in the UK involve HIV-positive patients, according to research presented to the annual conference of the British HIV Association in Manchester last week. Most of these cases were in men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV. The investigators believe their findings